Soil carbon stabilization beneath trees of varying litter quality and mycorrhizal associations
What controls whether soil carbon is protected for long-term sequestration? Recent work suggests microbial communities may play a key role in the fate of soil organic matter as either particulate organic matter (POM) or mineral-associated organic matter (MAOM). I tested how both litter quality and mycorrhizal associations of trees influence the stabilization of carbon on mineral surfaces in soil from forests across New Hampshire and Vermont.
Leaf litter decomposition along a forest mycorrhizal gradient
Most litter decomposition is carried out by free-living soil fungi, yet mycorrhizal fungi of dominant forest trees may affect the rate of litter decay through a variety of direct and indirect pathways. With this project, I tested how the mycorrhizal association of nearby trees influences the decomposition rate of four species of leaf litter in a forest.
Mycorrhizal fungi influence soil respiration in northern forests
Carbon efflux from forest soil is highly variable in space and time. While most ecosystem models use climate variables as the primary drivers of respiration rates, plant and microbial communities influence these patterns as well. With this project, I examined the role of fine roots and mycorrhizal fungi as drivers of soil respiration in a northern hardwood forest.
This work is published in Ecosystems.
Data from this project are available here.
Ectomycorrhizal communities and enzyme production in a mixed hardwood forest
In collaboration with Corinne Vietorisz (Dartmouth College) and Christine Palmer (Castleton University), I am working to understand the taxonomic and functional diversity of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. By measuring enzyme production of ECM fungi in varying soil conditions, we can better understand the plasticity and local drivers of enzyme activity in this ubiquitous microbial mutualist.
Before starting my dissertation research, I had the opportunity to work on several projects about soil and sediment biogeochemistry: